A 2003 report found that the rise in incidence of high blood pressure among children is most likely due to an increase in the number of. This study was designed to assess the current prev alence of hypertension and to explore risk factors. High blood pressure can cause serious problems like strokes and heart attacks, but you may not have any symptoms. Restriction of daily sodium intake is recommended in several guidelines about hypertension. Materials and methods yercaud is a hill station located from about 25 km from salem. Thus, roughly 15% of the general adult population manifest ht with a net male predominance, and 25% of patients with chd have ht 1. The factors of age, gender, body mass index, serum creatinine, blood glucose, blood cholesterol, ldlc, coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes are associated closely with hypertension. Risk factors that can increase your risk of high blood pressure include health conditions, your lifestyle, and your family history. Simple things in life sometimes makes a big impact. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in gondar city, northwest ethiopia. The most common age for men to first develop high blood pressure is between the ages of 35 and 50and for women, after menopause. A community based crosssectional study was conducted in april 2012 in gondar city.
Prevalence of hypertension and determination of its risk. Epidemiology of risk factors for hypertension springerlink. High blood pressure happens when the pressure your blood exerts against. Cigarette smoking hypertension bp 14090 mmhg or on antihypertensive medication low hdl cholesterol risk factors of diabetes and hypertension in a tribal area in tamil nadu. If two or more members of your family have pah or if a family member in your. A populationbased crosssectional survey was conducted, enrolling households using multistage. Data is available on hypertension in urban population but few studies are reported in rural areas. To study the prevalence and define deferential risk factors for resistant hypertension rht in a hypertensive population of south asian origin. Hypertension risk factors risk for hypertension health.
Boston four risk factorshypertension, diabetes, smoking, and high cholesterolaccount for the vast majority of cases of peripheral arterial disease pad, a new study shows 1. Medical conditions and lifestyle factors can contribute to the development of secondary hypertension, however, with high blood pressure being a consequence of a separate health concern typically related to the heart, arteries, kidneys, or endocrine system. Prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension and. Evidence from a longitudinal study article pdf available in american journal of hypertension 237. Differences in prevalence of hypertension and associated risk. A hypertensive emergency is diagnosed when marked rises of high blood pressure occurs with the possibility of acute damage to vessels and target organs. The hypertension in health examination population has the features of high new discovery rate, low awareness rate and low treatment rate. There are several causes of or risk factors for high blood pressure. However, its prevention and control has not yet received due attention. If your parents had it, then you might also be at risk. Hypertension and its risk factors a cross sectional study. Given a paucity of information on hypertension and associated risk factors among urban slum. Modifiable hypertension risk factors are the things which we have control over, in our activities of daily living. Essential hypertension is the most common type, occurring in 9 out of 10 high blood pressure cases.
With essential hypertension, the cause of high blood pressure is not known. It is managed by a group of southern african health professionals who are experts in the field of hypertension. Trends in prehypertension and hypertension risk factors in us. The epidemiology of hypertension, in terms of its importance as a risk factor for cardiovascular dise ases, continues to be. Also commonly known as essential hypertension, primary high blood pressure is a disorder which is associated with elevated blood pressure whose causes are not readily identifiable. May 29, 2015 the burden of noncommunicable diseases ncds is increasing in subsaharan africa, but data available for intervention planning are inadequate. Hypertension risk factors southern african hypertension society. Learn how high blood pressure affects your body and what makes you more likely to. Pulmonary arterial hypertension pah is rare, but certain factors may make you more likely to develop it.
A 2003 report found that the rise in incidence of high blood pressure among children is most likely due to an increase in the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents. Methods a literature search of the pubmed database was conducted from 1970 to 2009 using the medical subject headings hypertension, blood pressure and. Standard medical texts divide hypertension into two major categories. The most common modifiable risk factors of hypertension were physical inactivity. A number of factors and variables can put you at a greater risk for developing high blood pressure hbp or hypertension. All the patients with hypertension who provided informed written consent were recruited to. Global dalys attributable to the 25 leading risk factors. English version abstract high levels of arterial blood pressure in childhood and adolescence have been often associated with other cardiovascular risk factors apart from arterial hypertension in the adult stage of life. As youll see, many of these risk factors are under your control. Vinayaka mission medical college hospital conducts a routine general. This study carried out to assess the kap of inhabitants of kigarama cell in prevention of risk factors leading to hypertension where their. Risk factors associated with high blood pressure in adolescents. Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both economically developing and developed countries. The prevalence of hypertension in rural populations in india is increasing, but little.
Prevalence and distribution of hypertension and related risk factors. Information on the prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors is to be considered vital. Risk factors of hypertension at unrwa primary health care. A growing body of research demonstrates that psychosocial factors play an important role in the development of hypertension. A descriptive crosssectional study was carried out among hypertensive patients attending clinics at the cardiology unit, colombo from julyoctober 2009. Raised blood pressure is a major risk factor for chronic heart disease, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Hypertension is a growing public health problem in many developing countries including ethiopia. Risk factors of hypertension nuraini jurnal majority. Covering primary hypertension definition, causes and risk factors, symptoms and secondary hypertension. Major risk factors exclusive of ldl cholesterol that modify ldl goals note. When you have more than one risk factor for heart disease, your risk of developing heart disease greatly multiplies. Learn about these effects and why its important to manage hypertension.
High blood pressure, or hypertension as the disease is known medically, is our most common chronic illness. Hypertension definition of hypertension by medical dictionary. Prevalence and risk factors for resistant hypertension among. There are several factors, which are associated with htn and the common sequel, or after effects of the disorder. The good news is that the effect of many risk factors can be.
Prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can have many damaging effects on the body. Analysis for hypertension and related risk factors of. Determine presence of major risk factors other than ldl. The cardiovascular risk it imposes varies in relation to the height of the blood pressure, which component is elevated, the target organ affected, and the burden of coexisting risk factors. The present study aimed at identifying risk factors associated. So if you have high blood pressure, you need to take action.
Specific causes of secondary hypertension will be briefly mentioned. Primary essential hypertension, by definition, has no known cause. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for death and disability globally and disproportionately impacts lowand middleincome countries lmics, where more than twothirds of people with hypertension live. This study carried out to assess the kap of inhabitants of kigarama cell in prevention of risk factors leading to hypertension where their knowledge, the attitudes and the practices were explored. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for death and for disability. Hypertension risk factors high blood pressure risk factors. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The association between risk factors and hypertension in. Risk factors for heart disease risk factors are conditions or behaviors that increase your chances of developing a disease. Having high blood pressure increases your risk of a number of serious conditions, including heart attack and stroke. Nutritional factors involved in the treatment of hypertensive subjects are also discussed in this special issue. High blood pressure is the principal risk factor for stroke, heart failure and. We determined the prevalence of selected ncds and hiv infection, and ncd risk factors in northwestern tanzania and southern uganda. Wed like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them.
Modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors british heart foundation. High blood pressure doesnt usually have any symptoms, so most people dont know they have high blood pressure until. The typical image of a person with hypertension high blood pressure is an overweight, overworked male executive with a very short fuse. Hypertension is a major public health problem and important area of research due to its high prevalence and being major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other complications. Modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors goes hand in hand, and it is not unusual for an individual to have the combination of both.
High blood pressure or hypertension is when your blood pressure is consistently higher than it should be. Estimates of exactly how many americans have high blood pressure varythe american heart association and the national heart, lung, and blood institute put the figure at about 5560 million, but. Export all images to powerpoint file add to my favorites. Among the numerous risk factors associated with chd, ht plays a major role given its high frequency and its physiopathogenesis. High prevalence of hypertension and of risk factors for non. People with these risk factors can avoid or eliminate the other risk factors to lower their chance of developing hypertension.
It is a silent killer and most patients are detected to have it incidentally when they are admitted to hospital for unrelated disease or subjected to preemployment or preoperative medical checkups. This crosssectional one point analysis of risk factors for hypertension, was conducted in trikuta nagar area of jammu. Lifestyle modifications to manage hypertension modification. However, there are factors that can increase a persons chance of developing it. A total of 2025 respondents aged 30 years and above were recruited using a multistage sampling method. It was a community based crosssectional study conducted in two rural areas. A survey was initiated to examine the association of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for hypertension in perak, malaysia. Knowledge about hypertension and factors associated with the. High blood pressure can be caused by many factors, but mostly notably are diabetes, obesity, and excessive alcohol consumption. The truth is, high blood pressure affects people of all ages, races, social classes, sizes and shapes, women as well as mean and even children. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 19902017. Understanding these risk factors can help you be more aware of how likely you are to develop high blood pressure. Some of the risk factors for high blood pressure cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history. A populationbased crosssectional survey was conducted, enrolling households using multistage sampling with five.
Experts estimate that up to 75 percent of cases of hypertension in industrialized countries can be traced directly to obesity. In general, the older you get, the greater your chance of having high blood pressure. Risk factors people of all ages, races and ethnic backgrounds are diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension ph. Mar, 2019 secondary hypertension differs from the usual type of high blood pressure primary hypertension or essential hypertension, which is often referred to simply as high blood pressure. Recent data confirm that the interaction of genetics with multiple environmental risk factors explains the high prevalence of hypertension in the industrialised countries. During this time period, the prevalence of several risk factors for cardiovascular disease and incident hypertension increased among us adults. Although for most people there is no identifiable cause of hypertension, there are known risk factors. This crosssectional one point analysis of risk factors for hypertension, was conducted in. The treatment and prognosis of resistant hypertension, indications for referral to a hypertension specialist, and how one identifies patients who should be screened for. The average time interval between the first and second visit was 6 weeks.
There are several factors predisposing to hypertension. Its prevalence tend to raise with age in most populations. Hypertension is a major public health problem in malaysia. Hypertension causes and risk factors of high blood pressure. The risk increases in men over age of 45 and women over age 55.
But you can take steps to lower your risk by changing the factors you can control. We aimed to determine knowledge about risk factors for hypertension in individuals with and without hypertension, and to identify. A family history of hypertension puts a person at a higher risk category than a person with no family history of hypertension. Other factors that can cause hypertension include your personal and family genetic history. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader. Knowledge about hypertension and factors associated with. Hypertension causes and risk factors risk of developing. Jan 01, 2020 as youll see, many of these risk factors are under your control. Know your risk factors for high blood pressure american. These factors are known as essential hypertension risks. Generating an epub file may take a long time, please be patient. Hypertension ht is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease chd. Even though anyone can be diagnosed with ph, certain risk factors make some people more likely to get the disease.
Table 2 shows the various risk factors associated with htn and pht by the. The southern african hypertension society was founded in 1977 by a handful of concerned health professionals, a number of whom are still active in the society today. Whether your overall risk is high or low, you can always take steps to keep your pressure down and protect your health. Subjects were also excluded at this stage based on an ecgdetermined previous myocardial infarction, body weight 150% of desirable, angina by. It is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Risk factors of hypertension among adults aged 3564. Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among. Hypertension can also be a problem for some women when they become pregnant and this.
The probability of developing high blood pressure increases as we get older. Global dalys attributable to the 25 leading risk factors in 1990 and 2010. The conditions that hypertension triggers, including diabetes, heart disease, and strokes also run in the family. The burden of noncommunicable diseases ncds is increasing in subsaharan africa, but data available for intervention planning are inadequate.754 815 742 1180 51 890 1192 123 1421 481 641 1149 1224 182 1489 134 595 701 1504 1359 175 1434 378 360 998 562 460 1237 1287 740 930 135 163 157 1108 244 57 498 1426 277 1402 695